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Iraq Ask Security Council to Guarantee Peace Treaty

July 28, 1988

BAGHDAD, Iraq (AP) _ Iraq demanded a formal peace treaty wih Iran, not just a cease-fire, and asked the U.N. Security Council on Thursday to guarantee its enforcement.

In New York, the Iranian U.N. Mission said: ″The policy of Iraq is to put obstacles in the way of the secretary-general’s peace efforts. This whole Iraqi exercise is planned to sabotage the efforts upon which the international community is looking with hope.″

Both sides reported fighting at Eslamabad, 60 miles inside Iran. Iraq, which says it has withdrawn from Iranian territory, describes the invaders as Iranian rebels but Iran claims they are Iraqi troops.

Iraqi television said Saadun Hamadi, the acting foreign minister, summoned the ambassadors of the five permanent Security Council members - United States, Soviet Union, China, Britain and France - and insisted on a peace treaty.

″This is the only way to secure a peaceful settlement″ of the 8-year-old war, he was quoted as saying.

He added, however, that ″Iraq is for an early, immediate cease-fire as a means to end the war within the framework of a comprehensive peace settlement.″

U.N. negotiations are being conducted under Security Council Resolution 598, the year-old proposal Iran says it will accept. It provides for a cease- fire followed by withdrawal to recognized borders, prisoner exchange, peace negotiations and an investigation of which side started the war.

Javier Perez de Cuellar, the U.N. secretary-general, said in New York that Iran responded positively to his proposals for implementing the resolution and was awaiting Iraq’s reaction.

He has met with the foreign ministers of the two countries, Ali Akbar Velayati and Tariq Aziz. Hamadi is Iraq’s acting foreign minister while Aziz is in New York.

Perez de Cuellar also said he hopes Iran will consider ″at some stage″ holding direct talks with Iraq, which insists on them. He said talks at the United Nations were suspended for ″reflection″ Thursday.

Iraqi television quoted Hamadi as telling the ambassadors: ″Lasting and comprehensive peace is the only way Iran will not change its position in the future. The peace treaty should be guaranteed by the Security Council member states.

″A cease-fire would not end the state of war and instability in the region.″

Hamadi also restated Iraq’s position that it ″has no ambitions in Iranian territory.″

Iran said its forces broke through the defenses of Iraqi troops and Iranian rebels at Eslamabad inside the central border, killing at least 4,000 Iraqis and ″mercenaries,″ according to a dispatch of the official Islamic Republic News Agency monitored in Nicosia, Cyprus.

Spokesmen of the Mujahedeen Khalq, an Iranian rebel movement based in Iraq, said units of its National Liberation Army were holding Eslamabad.

A communique from Iraq’s military said its warplanes were bombing Iranian military airfields in the area, indicating the Iraqis at least were providing air support.

The rebels claim to have occupied Eslamabad and nearby Karand, but Iran says the invasion has been led by regular Iraqi troops.

An Iraqi communique read on television reported continuing fighting on the border front, despite the claims that Iraq’s soldiers had withdrawn from Iranian territory occupied over the past week.

It said said warplanes flew 173 sorties and attacked helicopter landing strips east of Eslamabad. The comminique also said the jets destroyed an Iranian helicopter base in Bakhtaran, 30 miles from Eslamabad.

Tehran said Iranian fighter bombers and helicopters flew 175 sorties over the central and southern fronts.

Dispatches from the official news agency said Iranian forces had regained more than 150 square miles in the central sector and two northern peaks.

Iranian television, also monitored in Nicosia, showed what it said were Iranian soldiers entering Eslamabad. Dispatches from the news agency said the bodies of many Iranian rebels were found, including young women.

IRNA said the ″terrorists, known as the Munafiqeen (hypocrites), were also equipped with anti-chemical masks, first aid kits, Iraqi cigarettes and alcoholic drinks brewed in Iraq.″ Islam forbids the drinking of alcohol.

″Among other things found in the pockets of slain ... women terrorists were contraceptive pills, which show the widespread promiscuity in the ranks of both the Munafiqeen and the Iraqis,″ it said.

Update hourly