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Ex-President Marks First Anniversary of Self-Imposed Exile

November 23, 1989

SEOUL, South Korea (AP) _ Former President Chun Doo-hwan, in self-imposed exile at a Buddhist temple after resigning in disgrace a year ago, said Thursday he engaged in some ″trial and error″ while in office but denied harming South Korea.

Chun spoke at a ceremony mark9n 1/8 the first anniversary of his exile at the Baekdam Temple on the east coast. It was his first public appearance since he went into exile Nov. 23, 1988.

″Because of shohe country is wrong,″ he said.

Durk f the one-hour ceremony, Chun, who has converted to Buddhism, consecrated ″sarira,″ a relic of Buddha, and spoke to about 5,000 people.

Chun, who stepped down in February 1988 at the end of his seven-year term, went into rural exile nine months later after apologizing for corruption and misdeeds committed under his administration.

He surrendered about $24 million in unused political funds before going into exile. About a 4oFen members of his family have been arrested on corruption charges.

Despite Chun’s wish to end hi3 3/8 xile, dissident and radical groups vehemently oppose his return to Seoul, arguing he should be arrested, tried and punished.

They charge, among other things, that Chun was involved in the military crushing of a civkl uprising in the southern city of Kwangju, which resulted in some 200 deaths by official count and more than 1,500 injuries.

Critics contend the Kwangju incident was part of efforts by Chun,.toen an army general, and his followers to seize power in the chaotic days that followed the assassination of President Park Chung-hee.

The 58-year-old ex-president said that while he made some mistakes in office, he should receive credit for some actions, including stepping down at the end of his term to pave the way for South Korea’s first peaceful transfer of power.

South Korea, formed after Korea’s division in 1945, has had a succession of dictatorships and military coups. Chun himself came to power in a coup in late 1979.

″I was neither expelled nor dropped out of Chongwadae (the presidential mansion). I was graduated,″ Chun said, referring to his St pping down at the end of his constitutional term.

One of Chun’s close friends, Roh Tae-woo, succeeded him eari9 last year after winning a popular president9aP vote.

Chun, wearing a Buddhist monk’s robe, looked healthy as he spoke through a microphone.

″On many nights, I abruptly woke up and bolted from the bed, vowing to retaliate against several people who turned their backs on me,″ he said. ″But my grudge slowly disappeared as I became immersed in the profound teaching of Buddha.

″After all, I have become a man who would never lose his temper,″ he added.

Roh and Chun had been close friends through much of their careers. They are from the same province and graduated from the same middle school and the Korea Military Academy. Roh, a former army general, was closely involved in Chun’s seizure of power in 1980.

But newspapers, quoting Chun’s aides, reported he now has a personal grudge against Roh, believing Roh 5/8 a 5/8 been indifferent toward him.

A loc 5/8 s0227 ----- r s AM-FBC--WACRdp 11-23 0563 AM-FBC--WAC Rdp,500 ′ P By JOHN MOSSMAN ... I ′ AP Sports Writer .. .

One down, one to go.

Having avenged one of its worst defeats of 1988 with a 70-31 thumping of Utah last week, Brit year 27-10′ay a San Diego State team that won only three games all season, can clinch the Western Athletic Conference football title and a Holiday Bowl berth with a victory Saturday night.

″They’ve beaten us two years in a row down there,″ BYU coach LaVell Edwards said. ″They’re playing well now and had a five-game winning streak until last weekend.

″We’re playing well, too, and I feel good about our chances. We haven’t had to sit around waiting for someone to beat someone else. For the first time since 1986, our destiny is in our own hands this late in the season. There’s nothing more we could ask for.″

The Cougars, 9-2 overall and 6-1 in the WAC, boast the No. 2 passing attack in the country, averaging 401 yards per game. BYU also is second in total offense at 539 yards per game. Quarterback Ty Detmer is the nation’s top- ranked passer, having completed 64 percent of his passes for 4,233 yards, 29 touchdowns and 14 interceptions.

SDSU, 6-4-1 overall and 4-2 in the WAC, has some impressive firepower of its own. The Aztecs stand No. 6 in total offense at 473 yards per game and seventh in passing at 312. Quarterback Dan McGwire is fifth in total offense% 3/8md 26th amo.fPindividual passers. He’s completed 58 percent for 3,436 yards, with 15 TDs and 18 interceptions.

The Aztecs’ five-game winning streak came to an end last week against seventh-ranked Miami, 42-6.

Should BYU stumble, two other WAC teams still harbor title hopes. If BYU loses this weekend and if Air Force wins at UtajL then either Air Force or Hawaii would end up in the Holiday Bowl depending on the outcome of their game Dec. 9 in Honolulu.

Air Force is 7-3 and 4-1. Hawaii is 8-2 and 5-2.

Besides tm%.BYU-SDSU and AFA-Utah games, No. 24 Hawaii entertains Oregon State (4-6-1) in a non-conference game this weekend.

Air Force must win aT -tah to remain in contention, since the Falcons play only seven WAC games, compared to eight for both BYU and Hawaii, and the title will be determined on a percenTa e basis.

Utah quarterback Scott Mitchell scorched Air Force for an NCAA-record 631 yards passing last year, but Mitchell is list5d as doubtful for Saturday’s game with a knee injury. He missed last week’s loss to BYU, too. Backup Mike Richmond completed 28 of 44 passes for 393 yards and four touchdowns.

″It doesn’t really change our planning at all,″ AFA coach Fisher DeBerry said. ″In watching films of the BYU game, I was really impressed with Rccomond. He’s certainly in the mold of the great quarterbacks Utah has had.″

The Falcons, who have already clinched a bert 5/8 fn the LibeZtg Bowl by virtue of winning the Commander-in-Chief’s Trophy if they don’t earn a Holiday bid, rank third in the nation in rushing and will try to exploit the WAC’s worst run defense. AFA quarterback Dee Dowis leads the WAC with a per-game rushing average of 110 yards.

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