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Brazil: 2nd Foot-and-Mouth Outbreak

May 11, 2001

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SAO PAULO, Brazil (AP) _ Authorities Thursday confirmed a second outbreak of highly contagious foot-and-mouth disease in the southern state of Rio Grande do Sul.

The confirmation came just one day after the government began vaccinating the state’s entire herd of 13 million to cattle prevent the disease from spreading.

Rio Grande do Sul’s agriculture secretary, Jose Hermetto Hoffmann said the disease was detected in seven animals at a ranch in Alegrete, 715 miles southwest of Sao Paulo.

The ranch is just 90 miles from Santana do Livramento, where 11 cows with the virus were discovered over the weekend.

Because of the outbreak and vaccination campaign Chile, Israel, Saudi Arabia and Britain have stopped importing beef from Rio Grande do Sul, Moraes said on Thursday.

The state accounts for almost 10 percent of Brazil’s herd of 160 million head of cattle, one of the world’s largest. The state is responsible for about 8 percent of the country’s beef exports. In 2000, the country exported 340,000 tons of beef.

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