Today in Arizona History
PHOENIX (AP) — Sunday, June 30
On this date in 1910, Gov. Richard E. Sloan issued a proclamation calling for the election of officers in Greenlee County, which was recently formed out of Graham County.
On this date in 1910, it was announced that the 21,938-acre (8,878-hectare) abandoned military reservation of Camp Bowie would be sold at an auction by the U.S. Government.
On this date in 1910, Col. E. W. Powell resigned as manager of the Calumet & Arizona Co. in Bisbee and John Greenway was named successor.
On this date in 1931, Andrew Ellicott Douglas of the University of Arizona was honored for his work in dendrochronology by the Research Corporation of New York. Charles Evans Hughes presented the award to Douglas.
On this date in 1956, a United DC-7 carrying 58 people and a TWA Super Constellation Airliner carrying 70 people collided and crashed in the Grand Canyon, killing all 128 people in what was at the time the worst airline disaster in history.
On this date in 2013, 19 firefighters are killed while fighting the Yarnell Hill wildfire.
Monday, July 1
On this date in 1874, the San Xavier Reservation was set aside by Executive Order for the use of the Papago tribe.
On this date in 1876, the Territorial Prison in Yuma opened with seven prisoners in residence.
On this date in 1877, John P. Clum resigned his long position as Indian Agent at San Carlos after a long and stormy battle with the military over Indian policy.
On this date in 1898, William “Bucky” O’Neill, captain of Troop A of the Arizona Rough Riders, was killed in the Spanish American War.
On this date in 1924, the first parcel post package was sent by airmail from Tucson to New York.
On this date in 1927, Apache Lake filled and the water first flowed over Horse Mesa Dam.
Tuesday, July 2
On this date in 1833, the final title for the Arivaca Land Grant was awarded to Tomas and Ignacio Ortiz.
On this date in 1864, Congress made the Arizona Territory a part of the Surveying District of New Mexico, thus providing for surveying operations within Arizona. Surveys were begun at Initial Point, a stone monument, 8 feet (2.4 meters) in diameter at the base, 4 feet (1.2 meters) at the top and 8 feet (2.4 meters) high, which was placed on a hill on the south side of the Gila River opposite the mouth of the Salt River.
On this date in 1908, Coconino National Forest was created from parts of Black Mesa, Tonto and Grand Canyon Forest Reserves.
Wednesday, July 3
On this date in 1839, Erastus Snow, co-founder of the town of Snowflake, was born.
On this date in 1887, the first railroad line to Phoenix began operation. Crowds gathered at the depot as the first engine pulled into town with three little girls, Mabel Hancock and Serene and Cora Goodrich, ringing the bell.
On this date in 1917, Gila County Sheriff Tom Armer swore in 400 citizens to protect the property at the Old Dominion Mine during a strike, pending the arrival of federal troops.
Thursday, July 4
On this date in 1880, George Warren gambled his interest in the Copper Queen Mine at Bisbee on a horse race and lost. His share eventually became worth $20 million.
On this date in 1917, Arivaca Land and Cattle Co. sponsored a big Fourth of July celebration with a rodeo, burro and pony races, contests and games.
On this date in 1921, Fourth of July merrymaking combined with a celebration of the progress of the government diversion dam near Florence was interrupted when a 3-foot (0.9-meter) wall of water rose behind and quickly topped the unfinished dam, sending picnickers scrambling for higher ground.
On this date in 1925, two days of rain storms flooded Tucson, washed out the Nogales road and brought down telephone and telegraph lines throughout southern Arizona.
Friday, July 5
On this date in 1867, Andrew E. Douglass, astronomer and educator, who developed dendrochronology, the science of tree-ring dating, was born.
On this date in 1917, four troops of the U.S. Cavalry and one machine gun troop were rushed to Globe when state authorities could not control the rising disorder among the miners there. In Ajo at the New Cornelia Mine, 75 percent of the miners joined the Worker’s Loyalty League, pledging not to strike.
On this date in 1936, 10 contestants were injured, one fatally, at Prescott’s annual Frontier Days Rodeo.
Saturday, July 6
On this date in 1890, Warren Earp, youngest of the Earp brothers, was shot to death by John Boyett in the Headquarters Saloon in Willcox.
On this date in 1920, the town of Gilbert was incorporated.
On this date in 1934, the first lethal gas execution in Arizona took the lives of two brothers who had been convicted of the murder of a prospector near Casa Grande.