BUSINESSWIRE PRESS RELEASE
Groupon Announces Second Quarter 2018 Results
BUSINESSWIRE PRESS RELEASE
Groupon Announces Second Quarter 2018 Results
BUSINESSWIRE PRESS RELEASE
Groupon Announces Second Quarter 2018 Results
Aug. 03, 2018
CHICAGO--(BUSINESS WIRE)--Aug 3, 2018--Groupon, Inc. (NASDAQ: GRPN) today announced financial results for the quarter ended June 30, 2018.
"In the second quarter, we continued our progress and invested in the key things necessary to make Groupon the daily habit in local commerce," said CEO Rich Williams. "With strong Adjusted EBITDA and free cash flow, as well as improvement in International and continued operational efficiency, we enter the second half of 2018 well positioned for success."
Second Quarter 2018 Summary
North AmericaDuring the quarter we continued to make progress on our customer experience and platform initiatives in North America. We now have over 5.1 million cards linked in Groupon+™, one of our leading voucherless initiatives, and continue to deepen supply in our more than 25 Groupon+ markets. North America gross profit in the second quarter 2018 decreased 6% to $219.4 million. In Local, gross profit decreased 8% to $165.3 million, impacted by our continued scaling of Groupon+ and the sale of certain OrderUp assets in the second half of 2017. Goods gross profit increased 4% to $37.8 million resulting from our continued focus on optimizing for gross profit. Gross profit in Travel decreased 8% to $16.3 million. North America active customers were 32.2 million as of June 30, 2018, and trailing twelve month gross profit per active customer was flat.
InternationalWe generated positive results in International in the second quarter as we advanced our product, supply, and marketing initiatives. In Goods, we made further operational improvements focused on driving long-term gross profit growth and improving the customer experience. International gross profit increased 11% (4% FX-neutral) in the second quarter 2018 to $104.3 million. Gross profit increased 8% (2% FX-neutral) in Local, 28% (19% FX-neutral) in Goods, and decreased 11% (17% FX-neutral) in Travel. International active customers increased to 17.1 million as of June 30, 2018, and trailing twelve month gross profit per active customer increased 10%.
ConsolidatedRevenue was $617.4 million in the second quarter 2018, down 7% (9% FX-neutral) reflecting our continued focus on revenue generation that maximizes gross profit. Gross profit was $323.7 million in the second quarter 2018, down 1% (3% FX-neutral). SG&A increased to $294.1 million in the second quarter 2018 compared to $230.2 million in the second quarter 2017. That increase resulted from a $75.0 million charge related to a patent litigation case with IBM as a result of an adverse jury verdict in July 2018. Although Groupon cannot predict the ultimate outcome of this lawsuit, it currently intends to continue vigorously pursuing its position through post-trial motions and appeal. Excluding the charge related to the IBM matter, SG&A declined 5% as we continue to focus on operational efficiency. Marketing expense was $94.2 million in the second quarter 2018, down 6% as we optimize spend toward high value customers. Other expense was $26.5 million in the second quarter 2018, compared to other income of $5.9 million in second quarter 2017. In the second quarter 2018, other expense included write-downs of minority investments and foreign currency losses. Net loss from continuing operations was $92.3 million in the second quarter 2018 compared to $5.4 million in the second quarter 2017. That increase was primarily attributable to the $75.0 million charge related to the IBM litigation. Net loss attributable to common stockholders was $95.0 million, or $0.17 per diluted share, compared to $9.3 million, or $0.02 per diluted share, in the second quarter 2017. That increase was primarily related to the $0.13 per diluted share impact of the IBM litigation. Non-GAAP net income attributable to common stockholders was $10.7 million, or $0.02 per diluted share, compared to $12.0 million, or $0.02 per diluted share, in the second quarter 2017. Adjusted EBITDA, a non-GAAP financial measure, was $56.2 million in the second quarter 2018, up 6% from $53.3 million in the second quarter 2017. Global units sold declined 10% to 40.0 million in the second quarter 2018 as we continued to manage our business to maximize gross profit, which in some instances, resulted in fewer units. Units in North America were down 14% with a significant portion of that decline due to our focus on long-term gross profit optimization in Goods as well as our continued scaling of Groupon+ and the sale of certain OrderUp assets that occurred in the second half of 2017. Operating cash flow was $212.4 million for the trailing twelve month period as of the second quarter 2018, and free cash flow, a non-GAAP financial measure, was $145.2 million for the trailing twelve month period. Cash and cash equivalents as of June 30, 2018 were $662.9 million, and we had no outstanding borrowings under our $250 million revolving credit facility.
Definitions and reconciliations of all non-GAAP financial measures and additional information regarding operating measures are included below in the section titled "Terminology Changes, Non-GAAP Financial Measures and Operating Metrics" and in the accompanying tables. All comparisons are year-over-year unless otherwise provided.
For the full year 2018, Groupon continues to expect Adjusted EBITDA to be between $280 million and $290 million. Excluding any amounts that might be paid related to the IBM litigation, Groupon anticipates generating free cash flow of approximately $200 million.
A conference call will be webcast live today at 9:00 a.m. CDT / 10:00 a.m. EDT and will be available on Groupon’s investor relations website at http://investor.groupon.com. This call will contain forward-looking statements and other material information regarding the Company’s financial and operating results.
Groupon encourages investors to use its investor relations website as a way of easily finding information about the company. Groupon promptly makes available on this website, free of charge, the reports that the company files or furnishes with the SEC, corporate governance information (including Groupon’s Global Code of Conduct), and select press releases and social media postings. Groupon uses its investor relations site ( investor.groupon.com ) and the Groupon blog ( www.groupon.com/blog ) as a means of disclosing material non-public information and for complying with its disclosure obligations under Regulation FD.
Terminology Changes, Non-GAAP Financial Measures and Operating Metrics
In prior years, we referred to our product revenue and service revenue as "direct revenue" and "third-party and other revenue," respectively. This terminology change did not impact the amounts presented in the condensed consolidated financial statements accompanying this release.
In addition to financial results reported in accordance with U.S. GAAP, we have provided the following non-GAAP financial measures: Foreign exchange rate neutral operating results, adjusted EBITDA, non-GAAP income (loss) from continuing operations before provision (benefit) for income taxes, non-GAAP net income (loss) attributable to common stockholders, non-GAAP income (loss) per share, non-GAAP provision (benefit) for income taxes and free cash flow. These non-GAAP financial measures, which are presented on a continuing operations basis, are intended to aid investors in better understanding our current financial performance and prospects for the future as seen through the eyes of management. We believe that these non-GAAP financial measures facilitate comparisons with our historical results and with the results of peer companies who present similar measures (although other companies may define non-GAAP measures differently than we define them, even when similar terms are used to identify such measures). However, these non-GAAP financial measures are not intended to be a substitute for those reported in accordance with U.S. GAAP. For reconciliations of these measures to the most applicable financial measures under U.S. GAAP, see "Non-GAAP Reconciliation Schedules" and "Supplemental Financial and Operating Metrics" included in the tables accompanying this release.
We exclude the following items from one or more of our non-GAAP financial measures:
Stock-based compensation. We exclude stock-based compensation because it is primarily non-cash in nature and we believe that non-GAAP financial measures excluding this item provide meaningful supplemental information about our operating performance and liquidity.
Acquisition-related expense (benefit), net. Acquisition-related expense (benefit), net is comprised of the change in the fair value of contingent consideration arrangements and external transaction costs related to business combinations, primarily consisting of legal and advisory fees. The composition of our contingent consideration arrangements and the impact of those arrangements on our operating results vary over time based on a number of factors, including the terms of our business combinations and the timing of those transactions. We exclude acquisition-related expense (benefit), net because we believe that non-GAAP financial measures excluding this item provide meaningful supplemental information about our operating performance and facilitate comparisons to our historical operating results.
Depreciation and amortization. We exclude depreciation and amortization expenses because they are non-cash in nature and we believe that non-GAAP financial measures excluding these items provide meaningful supplemental information about our operating performance and liquidity.
Interest and Other Non-Operating Items. Interest and other non-operating items include: gains and losses related to minority investments, foreign currency gains and losses, interest income and interest expense, including non-cash interest expense from our convertible senior notes. We exclude interest and other non-operating items from certain of our non-GAAP financial measures because we believe that excluding these items provides meaningful supplemental information about our core operating performance and facilitates comparisons to our historical operating results.
Special Charges and Credits. For the three months ended June 30, 2018 and 2017, special charges and credits included charges related to our restructuring plan. For the three months ended June 30, 2018, special charges and credits also included the $75.0 million charge recorded in the second quarter of 2018 related to a patent litigation case with IBM. We exclude special charges and credits from Adjusted EBITDA because we believe that excluding those items provides meaningful supplemental information about our core operating performance and facilitates comparisons with our historical results.
Descriptions of the non-GAAP financial measures included in this release and the accompanying tables are as follows:
Foreign exchange rate neutral operating results show current period operating results as if foreign currency exchange rates had remained the same as those in effect in the prior year period. These measures are intended to facilitate comparisons to our historical performance.
Adjusted EBITDA is a non-GAAP performance measure that we define as net income (loss) from continuing operations excluding income taxes, interest and other non-operating items, depreciation and amortization, stock-based compensation, acquisition-related expense (benefit), net and other special charges and credits, including items that are unusual in nature or infrequently occurring. Our definition of Adjusted EBITDA may differ from similar measures used by other companies, even when similar terms are used to identify such measures. Adjusted EBITDA is a key measure used by our management and Board of Directors to evaluate operating performance, generate future operating plans and make strategic decisions for the allocation of capital. Accordingly, we believe that Adjusted EBITDA provides useful information to investors and others in understanding and evaluating our operating results in the same manner as our management and Board of Directors. However, Adjusted EBITDA is not intended to be a substitute for income (loss) from continuing operations.
Non-GAAP income (loss) from continuing operations before provision (benefit) for income taxes, Non-GAAP net income (loss) attributable to common stockholders and non-GAAP income (loss) per diluted share are non-GAAP performance measures that adjust our net income attributable to common stockholders and earnings per share to exclude the impact of:stock-based compensation, amortization of acquired intangible assets, acquisition-related expense (benefit), net, special charges and credits, including restructuring charges, non-cash interest expense on convertible senior notes, non-operating foreign currency gains and losses related to intercompany balances and reclassifications of cumulative translation adjustments to earnings as a result of business dispositions or country exits, non-operating gains and losses from minority investments that we have elected to record at fair value with changes in fair value reported in earnings, non-operating gains and losses from sales of minority investments, and income (loss) from discontinued operations.
We believe that excluding the above items from our measures of non-GAAP income from continuing operations before provision (benefit) from income taxes, non-GAAP net income attributable to common stockholders and non-GAAP earnings per diluted share provides useful supplemental information for evaluating our operating performance and facilitates comparisons to our historical results by eliminating items that are non-cash in nature, relate to discrete events, or are otherwise not indicative of the core operating performance of our ongoing business.
Non-GAAP Provision (Benefit) for Income Taxes. Non-GAAP provision (benefit) for income taxes reflects our current and deferred tax provision computed based on non-GAAP income from continuing operations before provision (benefit) for income taxes.
Free cash flow is a non-GAAP liquidity measure that comprises net cash provided by operating activities from continuing operations less purchases of property and equipment and capitalized software from continuing operations. We use free cash flow to conduct and evaluate our business because, although it is similar to cash flow from continuing operations, we believe that it typically represents a more useful measure of cash flows because purchases of fixed assets, software developed for internal use and website development costs are necessary components of our ongoing operations. Free cash flow is not intended to represent the total increase or decrease in our cash balance for the applicable period.
Descriptions of the operating metrics included in this release and the accompanying tables are as follows:
Gross Billings. This metric represents the total dollar value of customer purchases of goods and services. For sales of vouchers and similar transactions in which we collect the transaction price from the customer and remit a portion of the transaction price to the third-party merchant who will provide the related goods or services, which comprise a substantial majority of our service revenue transactions, gross billings differs from revenue reported in our condensed consolidated statements of operations, which is presented net of the merchant's share of the transaction price. For product revenue transactions, gross billings are equivalent to product revenue reported in our condensed consolidated statements of operations. We consider this metric to be an important indicator of our growth and business performance as it measures the dollar volume of transactions generated through our marketplaces. Tracking gross billings on service revenue transactions also allows us to monitor the percentage of gross billings that we are able to retain after payments to merchants.
Active customers. We define active customers as unique user accounts that have made a purchase during the trailing twelve months ("TTM") either through one of our online marketplaces or directly with a merchant for which we earned a commission. We consider this metric to be an important indicator of our business performance as it helps us to understand how the number of customers actively purchasing our offerings is trending. Some customers could establish and make purchases from more than one account, so it is possible that our active customer metric may count certain customers more than once in a given period. For entities that we have acquired in a business combination, this metric includes active customers of the acquired entity, including customers who made purchases prior to the acquisition. We do not include consumers who solely make purchases with retailers using digital coupons accessed through our websites and mobile applications in our active customers metric, so the acquisition of Cloud Savings Company, Ltd. on April 30, 2018 did not impact that metric.
Units. This metric represents the number of purchases during the reporting period, before refunds and cancellations, made either through one of our online marketplaces or directly with a merchant for which we earned a commission. We consider unit growth to be an important indicator of the total volume of business conducted through our marketplaces.
Gross profit per active customer. This metric represents the TTM gross profit generated per active customer. We use this metric to evaluate trends in the average contribution to gross profit on a per-customer basis. We updated the calculation of this metric in the current year to reflect active customers as of the end of the period, rather than the average of active customers as of the beginning and end of period, in the denominator of the calculation. Because our active customer metrics are based on purchases over a TTM period, we believe that this change improves the usefulness of this metric. The prior periods presented have been updated to reflect this change.
Note on Forward-Looking Statements
The statements contained in this release that refer to plans and expectations for the next quarter, the full year or the future are forward-looking statements within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, including statements regarding our future results of operations and financial position, business strategy and plans and our objectives for future operations. The words "may," "will," "should," "could," "expect," "anticipate," "believe," "estimate," "intend," "continue" and other similar expressions are intended to identify forward-looking statements. We have based these forward looking statements largely on current expectations and projections about future events and financial trends that we believe may affect our financial condition, results of operations, business strategy, short-term and long-term business operations and objectives, and financial needs. These forward-looking statements involve risks and uncertainties that could cause our actual results to differ materially from those expressed or implied in our forward-looking statements. Such risks and uncertainties include, but are not limited to, risk related to volatility in our operating results; execution of our business and marketing strategies; retaining existing customers and adding new customers; challenges arising from our international operations, including fluctuations in currency exchange rates, legal and regulatory developments and any potential adverse impact from the United Kingdom's likely exit from the European Union; retaining and adding high quality merchants; our voucherless offerings; cybersecurity breaches; competing successfully in our industry; changes to merchant payment terms; providing a strong mobile experience for our customers; maintaining our information technology infrastructure; delivery and routing of our emails; claims related to product and service offerings; managing inventory and order fulfillment risks; litigation; managing refund risks; retaining and attracting members of our executive team; completing and realizing the anticipated benefits from acquisitions, dispositions, joint ventures and strategic investments; lack of control over minority investments; tax liabilities; tax legislation; compliance with domestic and foreign laws and regulations, including the CARD Act, GDPR and regulation of the Internet and e-commerce; classification of our independent contractors; protecting our intellectual property; maintaining a strong brand; customer and merchant fraud; payment-related risks; our ability to raise capital if necessary and our outstanding indebtedness; global economic uncertainty; our common stock, including volatility in our stock price; our convertible senior notes; and our ability to realize the anticipated benefits from the hedge and warrant transactions. For additional information regarding these and other risks and uncertainties, we urge you to refer to the factors included under the headings "Risk Factors" and "Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations" in the company's Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2017, and our other filings with the Securities and Exchange Commission, copies of which may be obtained by visiting the company's Investor Relations web site at investor.groupon.com or the SEC's web site at www.sec.gov. Groupon's actual results could differ materially from those predicted or implied and reported results should not be considered an indication of future performance.
You should not rely upon forward-looking statements as predictions of future events. Although Groupon believes that the expectations reflected in the forward-looking statements are reasonable, it cannot guarantee that the future results, levels of activity, performance or events and circumstances reflected in the forward-looking statements will be achieved or occur. Moreover, neither the company nor any other person assumes responsibility for the accuracy and completeness of the forward-looking statements. The forward-looking statements reflect Groupon’s expectations as of August 3, 2018. Groupon undertakes no obligation to update publicly any forward-looking statements for any reason after the date of this release to conform these statements to actual results or to changes in its expectations.
Groupon (NASDAQ: GRPN) is building the daily habit in local commerce, offering a vast mobile and online marketplace where people discover and save on amazing things to do, eat, see and buy. By enabling real-time commerce across local businesses, travel destinations, consumer products and live events, shoppers can find the best a city has to offer.
Groupon is redefining how small businesses attract and retain customers by providing them with customizable and scalable marketing tools and services to profitably grow their businesses.
To download Groupon's top-rated mobile apps, visit www.groupon.com/mobile. To search for great deals or subscribe to Groupon emails, visit www.groupon.com. To learn more about the company’s merchant solutions and how to work with Groupon, visit www.groupon.com/merchant.
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